Cadmium, Environmental Exposure, and Health Outcomes

Soisungwan Satarug; Scott H. Garrett; Mary Ann Sens; Donald A. Sens


Environ Health Perspect. 2010;118(2):182-90. 

In This Article

International Food Legislation

In the early 1960s, the Joint FAO/WHO Codex Alimentarius Commission was established to detail international food legislation. In 2000, the Codex Committee for Food Additives and Contaminants reached an agreement on the principles for setting maximum levels (MLs) for cumulative food contaminants (Francesconi 2007). MLs were proposed for lead (Pb2+) and cadmium (Cd2+) in various food categories, including rice, soybean, peanuts, and bivalve mollusks. The bioavailability and ML of cadmium became an issue because certain bivalve mollusks were known to be naturally high in cadmium content (Francesconi 2007). A high ML for cadmium was based on an early study on bluff oysters (McKenzie et al. 1986).


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