Diabetes Mellitus and Exercise

Bernard Zinman, MD; Neil Ruderman, MD, Phil; Barbara N. Campaigne, PhD; John T. Devlin, MD; Stephen H. Schneider, MD.


March 01, 2010

In This Article

Exercise in the Elderly

Evidence has accumulated suggesting the progressive decrease in fitness and muscle mass and strength with aging is in part preventable by maintaining regular exercise. The decrease in insulin sensitivity with againg is also partly due to a lack of physical activity. Lower levels of physical activity are especially likely in the population at risk for type 2 diabetes. A number of recent studies of exercise training have included significant numbers of older patients. These patients have done well with good training and metabolic responses, levels of adherence at least as good as the general population, and an acceptable incidence of complications. It is likely that maintaining better levels of fitness in this population will lead to less chronic vascular disease and an improved quality of life.