West Nile Virus Transmission via Organ Transplantation and Blood Transfusion — Louisiana, 2008

E Stanley, MPH; R Ratard, MD; JE Staples, MD; R Royce, WA Bower, MD; KD Ellingson, PhD; MJ Kuehnert, MD


Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 2009;58(45):1263-1267. 

In This Article

Blood Transfusion

The blood donation from the WNV-positive donor occurred on September 15, 2008. The blood donor lived in a parish with little WNV activity but had spent time outdoors near the time of donation. The donor recalled having a self-limited illness characterized by weakness, body aches, and fever on September 24. Fresh frozen plasma and packed red blood cells were derived from this donation. The fresh frozen plasma was given to the heart donor and the packed red blood cells to a woman nursing home resident aged 76 years. The woman was admitted to a local hospital for atrial fibrillation with rapid ventricular response on September 19 and received the unit of packed red blood cells for anemia. Although the woman reportedly never developed a febrile illness, serum obtained as part of the investigation on December 1, 2008, tested positive for WNV-specific IgM and neutralizing antibodies at a titer of 1:1280.


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