Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease & Lung Cancer Risk
Although chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has been linked to lung cancer risk in several studies,[52,53] the link between lung cancer and COPD has not been well studied in women. Recent data from a case–control study of 562 women with NSCLC and 564 control women evaluated the relationship between COPD and risk of lung cancer. In this study, an increased risk of lung cancer associated with a history of COPD was found among white women (OR: 1.85) but this increased risk was not seen among African–American women. Emphysema diagnosed within 9 years of lung cancer was associated with substantial risk (OR: 6.36). Interestingly, the risk between COPD and lung cancer was not seen in never-smokers (OR: 0.34).
Expert Rev Resp Med. 2009;3(6):627-634. © 2009
Cite this: Lung Cancer in Women: The Differences in Epidemiology, Biology and Treatment Outcomes - Medscape - Dec 01, 2009.