Scoliosis in Pediatric Patients: Comorbid Disorders and Screening

Michael P Horan; Todd A Milbrandt


Pediatr Health. 2009;3(5):451-456. 

In This Article


Scoliosis is one of the most commonly encountered pediatric spinal deformities. Although 80% of scoliosis case are idiopathic and have no specific comorbid disorders, the pediatric practitioner needs to be knowledgeable in the other causes of scoliosis in order to rule out other known causes. Screening tools include a patient's history of physical examination, radiographs and advanced imaging studies, depending on the clinical situation. Knowledge of comorbid disorders associated with scoliosis will help guide the pediatric practitioner in ordering other tests and setting up appropriate referrals. Minimizing excessive unnecessary testing and referrals will undoubtedly help to save time and money for both the patient and healthcare system.


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