Outcomes of Self-help Efforts in Anxiety Disorders

Amy J Morgan; Anthony F Jorm


Expert Rev Pharmacoeconomics Outcomes Res. 2009;9(5):445-459. 

In This Article


Interventions to review self-help efforts were identified from previous systematic reviews of complementary and self-help treatments for anxiety and depressive disorders.[15,16] Maladaptive interventions (e.g., alcohol and nicotine), or complementary treatments that could not be applied without a professional (e.g., acupuncture) were not included for review. PubMed, PsycINFO and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews were searched up to 2009 using the following terms: name-of-treatment (and synonyms) and anxiety or panic or phobia or phobic or post-traumatic stress disorder or obsessive–compulsive disorder or acute stress disorder, using descriptors or medical subject headings. Reference lists and citations of included studies were also checked. The evidence was reviewed by one author and the accuracy of each review was checked by the other author. Studies were included for review if they were randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of participants with an anxiety disorder. There were no restrictions on age of participants or language of publication. Preference was given to reviewing recent meta-analyses or systematic reviews where they were available.


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