Mohammad KA Basra; Muhammad Shahrukh


Expert Rev Pharmacoeconomics Outcomes Res. 2009;9(3):271-283. 

In This Article

Chronic Vulval Diseases

In vulval lesions, patients generally experience emotional problems and those related to intimacy because of fear of undesirability, disapproval and rejection, which in turn leads to low self-esteem, decreased libido, withdrawal from sexual relationships and increased isolation.[157] Moreover, clothing may be affected and patients avoid tight-fitting outfits, they may not enjoy exercise or even cuddling or lifting a child.[158] Household chores, travel plans and hobbies are also restricted by vulvar itching, burning, pain and irritation.[158]


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