Movement Disorders Caused by Medical Disease

Brandon Barton; S. Elizabeth Zauber; Christopher G. Goetz


Semin Neurol. 2009;29(2):97-110. 

In This Article

Future Perspectives

Movement disorders occur in medical illness, and appreciation of their phenomenology and etiologies will help to direct clinicians to appropriate diagnostic tests and treatments. Although the movement disorders have been presented here in four categories, patients will often have multiple movement disorders simultaneously. Combinations of movement disorders can cloud understanding because of the phenomenological presentation, but recognition of the most frequent patterns of movement can be useful in directing astute diagnosticians to the likely diagnosis.