How African American Men Decide Whether or Not to Get Prostate Cancer Screening

Randy A. Jones, PhD, RN; Richard Steeves, PhD, RN, FAAN; Ishan Williams, PhD


Cancer Nurs. 2009;32(2):166-172. 

In This Article


Participants' responses during the interview were audiotaped, and their nonverbal behaviors were observed and written down as field notes. Interviews typically lasted between 1 and 1.5 hours. All interviews were transcribed and analyzed using a qualitative method focusing on understanding the meaning of participants' experiences.[22] All notes from the observation/field notes, interview transcripts, audio recordings of interviews, and demographic forms were organized, coded, and placed in categories using a qualitative software program called NVivo (QSR International Pty Ltd, Cambridge, MA), NVivo permits systematic thematic coding of digitized audio data. The transcripts were then analyzed to examine commonalities within the codes. Themes were generated from these commonalities and categories. "Thick descriptions" were captured from the interviews to gain meaning of participants' experiences.[21] Thick descriptions refer to the manner in which data are converted into a comprehensive and detailed description to build an analytical explanation on what is occurring. The authors carefully examined the narratives using an iterative approach to enhance our understanding of the beliefs and attitudes of participants toward prostate cancer screening. This iterative comparative analysis involved constantly revisiting the data/narratives until no new themes emerged. The rigorous iterative comparative analysis was continued until saturation of the data was reached[26] at a sample of 17. After initial analysis by the first author, each member of the research team examined the themes to further refine the analyses and make sure the themes accurately reflected the narratives.


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