How African American Men Decide Whether or Not to Get Prostate Cancer Screening

Randy A. Jones, PhD, RN; Richard Steeves, PhD, RN, FAAN; Ishan Williams, PhD


Cancer Nurs. 2009;32(2):166-172. 

In This Article


A qualitative research design was used to explore rural African American men's experiences in decision making regarding prostate cancer screening. A hermeneutic phenomenological approach[22] was used to analyze the data. This method incorporates interpreting text in context to explore, interpret, and describe areas of experience that are complex and not fully understood. Specifically, the participants are encouraged to communicate their experiences in narrative form and explain the situations in which events happened as well as the meanings that the participants found in their experiences. Participants were asked to talk about how they decided whether or not to be screened for prostate cancer. The data from individual narratives about deciding to have or not to have prostate cancer screening were first analyzed to understand the individual meanings ascribed by the participants. Subsequently, the data from all the narratives together were examined, grouped, and categorized based on common relationships, ideas, beliefs, and options. Finally, the data analysis was an explanation and depiction of their decisions about prostate cancer screening.


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