Preoperative Evaluation of Patients With Neurological Disease

Kathrin Lieb, MD; Magdy H. Selim, MD, PhD


Semin Neurol. 2008;28(5):603-610. 

In This Article


The preoperative time is critical for any neurological patient undergoing surgery. Neurological patients are at an increased risk for perioperative cardiac and pulmonary complications after surgery. The secondary complications of neurological diseases such as aspiration pneumonia, respiratory difficulties, electrolyte abnormalities, autonomic dysfunction, and muscle weakness can adversely influence postsurgical outcome. A thorough preoperative assessment considering the complex pathophysiology of each individual patient is essential to improve perioperative care and to optimize patient's outcome.


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