Apitherapy: Usage and Experience in German Beekeepers

Markus Hellner; Daniel Winter; Richard von Georgi; Karsten Münstedt

Disclosures

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2008;4(5):475-479. 

In This Article

Results

In all, 1059 completed questionnaires were received, mainly by mail, by fax and few via e-mail. A total of 58 beekeepers completed the survey on the internet. The demographic data are shown in Table 2 . One way ANOVA or χ2-test showed no statistically significant differences between the beekeepers who participated in the survey via the beekeeping journals and those who were asked to take part as members of the Giessen beekeeper association.

The beekeepers were also asked about the health conditions in which they would use propolis and pollen. Their answers are depicted in Figs. 2 and 3, which show that propolis is most frequently used for treating the common cold, wounds and burns, sore throats, gingival disorders and also as a general prophylactic. Pollen is most commonly used as a general prophylactic and, less frequently, in treating diseases of the prostate.

This figure shows that propolis is most frequently used for treating the common cold, wounds and burns, sore throats, gingival disorders and also as a general prophylactic. Pollen is most commonly used as a general prophylactic and, less frequently, in treating diseases of the prostate.

This figure details the beekeepers' experiences with various bee products. It shows that they had the greatest and most favorable experiences with honey, followed by propolis, pollen and royal jelly. Their experiences were not affected by gender or general health status. The factors associated with favorable experiences with bee products were as follows: (i) Age - older beekeepers generally claimed to be more familiar with the health effects of bee products (P < 0.05). (ii) Number of bee hives tended - beekeepers who tended more beehives were found to have better experiences regarding the use of the various bee products (rhoney = 0.092, P = 0.003; r propolis = 0.172, P < 0.001; r rojal jelly = 0.124, P < 0.001; r pollen = 0.180, P < 0.001). (ii) Health consciousness - beekeepers who considered themselves more health conscious more frequently reported positive experiences (r honey = 0.072, P = 0.021; r propolis = 0.126, P < 0.001; r rojal jelly = 0.147, P < 0.001; r pollen = 0.156, P < 0.001). (iv) Positive experiences with one bee product - positive experiences with one bee product were associated with positive experiences with other bee products as well as health effects (r = 0.213-0.537, P < 0.001). (v) Self-administration of treatment- very strong correlations were found between positive experiences with the bee product and self-administration (r propolis = 0.792, P < 0.001; r rojal jelly = 0.672, P < 0.001; r pollen = 0.667, P < 0.001).

This figure shows that propolis is most frequently used for treating the common cold, wounds and burns, sore throats, gingival disorders and also as a general prophylactic. Pollen is most commonly used as a general prophylactic and, less frequently, in treating diseases of the prostate.

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