Penile Size and Penile Enlargement Surgery: A Review

B.E. Dillon; N.B. Chama; S.C. Honig

Disclosures

Int J Impot Res. 2008;20(5):519-529. 

In This Article

Abstract and Introduction

Penile size is a considerable concern for men of all ages. Herein, we review the data on penile size and conditions that will result in penile shortening. Penile augmentation procedures are discussed, including indications, procedures and complications of penile lengthening procedures, penile girth enhancement procedures and penile skin reconstruction.

Throughout history, the penis has defined masculinity. Discussion of the penis has been deemed taboo, socially unacceptable; and at other times, it is the topic of lighthearted conversation and jokes. Length, girth and function, however, have been an issue for men throughout history. This is apparent in the first book of the Old Testament, Genesis, where Abraham is told, 'Every male among you shall be circumcised. You shall be circumcised in the flesh of your foreskins, and it shall be a sign of the covenant between me and you.'[1] The ancient Greeks were also fixated on the penis, as recorded by Kallixeinos of Rhodes in 275 BC, who described a 'golden phallus, 180 feet long'. The phallus was topped with a golden start and was carried through the streets during a festival in Alexandria, all the while people sung to it and recited poems.[1]

Kelley and Eraklis[2] performed the first recorded penile augmentation in 1971 for the treatment of microphallus in the pediatric population. Subsequently, the adult population began to show interest in the procedure for cosmetic and psychological reasons, similar to that seen with reconstructive breast surgery and augmentation. Penile augmentation procedures are not an American Urological Association sanctioned procedure, and typically both plastic surgeons and urologists perform penile enlargement procedures. The purpose of this paper is to summarize the available literature on penile size, discuss conditions that contribute to penile shortening, and to highlight the indications, procedures and complications of penile enlargement surgery.

Comments

3090D553-9492-4563-8681-AD288FA52ACE
Comments on Medscape are moderated and should be professional in tone and on topic. You must declare any conflicts of interest related to your comments and responses. Please see our Commenting Guide for further information. We reserve the right to remove posts at our sole discretion.
Post as:

processing....