Donor Selection and Testing
Blood in Europe and America is collected from non-remunerated volunteer donors who undergo donor selection procedures designed to protect the health of both donor and recipient. A health questionnaire aims to identify any underlying illness in the donor which may put their health at risk when making a donation and identifies any factors (such as foreign travel or promiscuous sexual behavior) which may indicate an increased risk of carrying a potentially transfusion-transmissible infection. All donations are tested for mandatory microbiological markers (hepatitis B and C, HIV, syphilis and HTLV; see the article by Kitchen and Barbara in this issue of the journal) and ABO and Rh blood groups. A proportion of donations also undergo testing for other viruses (e.g. CMV) and additional typing, such as extended blood grouping and human leukocyte antigen (HLA) typing, for patients with specific requirements.
Transfusion Alter Transfusion Med. 2008;10(3):92-101. © 2008 Blackwell Publishing
This article is an advanced publication of a chapter to be published in the revised edition of the NATA textbook, Alternatives to Blood Transfusion in Transfusion Medicine, currently in preparation.
Cite this: Allogeneic Blood Components - Medscape - Sep 01, 2008.