Rebecca Cardigan, BSc, PhD; Sheila Maclennan , MBBS, FRCP, FrCPath


Transfusion Alter Transfusion Med. 2008;10(3):92-101. 

In This Article

Donor Selection and Testing

Blood in Europe and America is collected from non-remunerated volunteer donors who undergo donor selection procedures designed to protect the health of both donor and recipient. A health questionnaire aims to identify any underlying illness in the donor which may put their health at risk when making a donation and identifies any factors (such as foreign travel or promiscuous sexual behavior) which may indicate an increased risk of carrying a potentially transfusion-transmissible infection. All donations are tested for mandatory microbiological markers (hepatitis B and C, HIV, syphilis and HTLV; see the article by Kitchen and Barbara in this issue of the journal) and ABO and Rh blood groups. A proportion of donations also undergo testing for other viruses (e.g. CMV) and additional typing, such as extended blood grouping and human leukocyte antigen (HLA) typing, for patients with specific requirements.


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