Pain in Women With Relapsing-remitting Multiple Sclerosis and in Healthy Women: A Comparative Study

Pamela Newland


J Neurosci Nurs. 2008;40(5):262-268. 

In This Article


Sample Description

The average age of the women with RRMS and healthy women was 44 years, and the women were primarily white, married, well-educated, and urban dwelling. Healthy women had more years of education than those with RRMS and a greater percentage were employed ( Table 1 ). The majority of women with RRMS reported daily use of immunomodulatory drugs, over-the-counter pain medication, prescription anxiety/sleep medications, and nutritional or herbal supplements. In contrast, the most common medications reported by healthy women were nutritional or herbal supplements ( Table 2 ).

Presence of Pain

In women with RRMS, the presence of pain over the last 7 days was significantly higher (95% confidence interval [CI] 48.3%–79.4%) compared with healthy women (95% CI 19.1%–50.2%; χ2 = 7.92, df = 1, p = .005).


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