Antioxidants Used in Skin Care Formulations

I. Bogdan Allemann, MD; L. Baumann, MD


Skin Therapy Letter. 2008;13(7):5-8. 

In This Article


Pycnogenol can be extracted from the French maritime pine (Pinus pinaster). It contains flavonoids and phenolic compounds, which act as potent free-radical scavengers. Immunosuppression and a reduction of the inflammatory sunburn reaction were observed in mice after topical application of pycnogenol 0.05%–0.2%.58 The potential of pycnogenol to provide photoprotection for humans has been investigated for oral supplementation, showing that a significantly elevated UV radiation level was necessary in order to reach 1 minimal erythema dose.[59]


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