eNOS And Stroke: Prevention, Treatment And Recovery

Karen Gertz, MD; Matthias Endres, MD

Disclosures

Future Neurology. 2008;3(5):537-550. 

In This Article

Abstract

It is common knowledge that ischemic stroke has major social and economic consequences. However, until now, translation of experimental studies into clinical reality has been sorely lacking. So far, most studies have focused on acute stroke outcome and early treatment paradigms affording neuroprotection. It is increasingly recognized that it will be necessary to harness the capacity of the brain for neuroregeneration to improve longer-term outcome. Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) is emerging as a key target in molecular stroke research. eNOS ameliorates acute ischemic injury and promotes recovery following cerebral ischemia. This review summarizes the effects of eNOS on the regulation of cerebral blood flow, hemostasis, inflammation, angiogenesis as well as neurogenesis. The possible impact on stroke prevention as well as on strategies aimed at improving long-term stroke outcome are discussed.

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