Impact of Tobacco Smoking and Smoking Cessation on Cardiovascular Risk and Disease

Christopher Bullen


Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther. 2008;6(6):883-895. 

In This Article

Second-hand Smoke Avoidance

‘Natural experiments' in the USA and Italy, where the enactment of smokefree ordinances appears to have resulted in significant reductions in hospital admission rates for AMI, provide evidence in support of these strategies.[134–136] Smokers and nonsmokers alike need to be alerted to the cardiovascular hazards of SHS exposure.[137] Individuals with existing cardiovascular disease are more susceptible and should be advised to avoid exposure to SHS if at all possible. Elimination of SHS exposure in public places, in the workplace and at home are vital if these risks are to be minimized.


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