The Effect of Live Classical Piano Music on the Vital Signs of Patients Undergoing Ophthalmic Surgery

Jorge G. Camara, MD; Joseph M. Ruszkowski, PhD; Sandra R. Worak, MD


Medscape J Med. 2008;10(6):149 

In This Article


Listening to music has been shown in published studies to have many beneficial effects on patients. A meta-analysis from the Cochrane Database Systems Review evaluated 51 randomized clinical trials on the effect of music on any type of pain. The authors reported that patients exposed to music were 70% more likely to have pain relief than unexposed patients. They concluded that listening to music reduces pain intensity and opioid requirements.[1]

The use of prerecorded music has been found to relieve anxiety in patients undergoing various surgical procedures.[2,3,4,5,6,7] Several studies have shown that sedative amounts are decreased for procedures when music is played before or during the procedure.[8,9,10]

Patients undergoing ophthalmologic procedures also benefit from listening to music. Bellan and colleagues[11] reported a large-scale study of 144 patients undergoing cataract surgery and found that listening to music before surgery was associated with decreased anxiety. Cruise and coworkers[12] reported that a cohort of 121 patients undergoing cataract surgery under retrobulbar block were more satisfied with their experience if they heard relaxing music rather than operating room noise alone during the surgical procedure.

This study compared the mean arterial blood pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR), and respiratory rate (RR) of patients who were exposed to live classical piano music before ophthalmic surgery with patients who were not exposed to music.


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