May 15, 2008 (New Orleans, LA) – Laughter is the best medicine, a cliché to be sure, but a new study has shown that laughter yoga, a blend of playful laughter exercises coupled with gentle breathing and stretching, can significantly lower systolic and diastolic blood-pressure levels, as well as bring about significant reductions in the stress hormone cortisol [ 1].
"Laughter yoga is a concept where anybody can laugh for no reason at all," Dr Madan Kataria, lead investigator of the study and founder of the Laughter Yoga school. "You don't need any jokes, any humor, or any comedy. You don't even need to be happy. What we do is laugh in a group and initiate laughter as a form of bodily exercise, but when we have eye contact with others, this laughter becomes real and contagious."
This laughter, explained Kataria, when combined with yoga breathing to bring more oxygen to the body and brain, results in significant biological and physiological changes, such as the reductions in blood-pressure and stress levels.
Speaking with heartwire here at the American Society of Hypertension 2008 Annual Meeting, Kataria said the idea of laughter yoga began in 1995 with just five participants in Mumbai, India. Now there are more than 6000 laughter clubs in 60 countries, and the present study was designed to show that real health benefits could be obtained from this simple form of exercise.
The investigators studied 200 male and female individuals within the information-technology industry in India, a group that is particularly stressed due to the demands of their job, said Kataria. These individuals participated in a typical laughter yoga session, which lasts about 20 to 30 minutes. Subjects simulate laughter for 45 seconds to one minute, beyond the typical burst of laughter, which is followed by deep breathing and gentle stretching. This process is repeated for the duration of the session.
The 200 subjects completed seven sessions of laughter yoga over a three-week period. At the end of the "treatment," subjects who laughed reduced their systolic blood pressure more than 6 mm Hg, a significant change from baseline and also significant when compared with a nonlaughing control group. Diastolic blood pressure was also significantly reduced. Cortisol levels, a hormone released during periods of stress, were reduced in the laughter group, and perceived stress levels, as measured by standardized questionnaires, were improved.
Changes in Blood Pressure From Baseline After Three Weeks of Laughter Yoga
|Measurement||Laughter yoga group (n=200)||Control group (n=100)|
|Pretreatment systolic blood pressure (mm Hg)||128.24||125.89|
|Posttreatment systolic blood pressure (mm Hg)||120.78a||125.96b|
|Pretreatment diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg)||82.37||82.34|
|Posttreatment diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg)||79.34a||81.8 b|
a. p<0.001 paired t test pretreatment compared with posttreatment; p<0.05 independent t test comparison between laughter yoga and control group
b. p=NS difference between pretreatment and posttreatment
"To bring about physiological and biochemical changes, laughter has to be hearty, from the belly," said Kataria, a medical doctor who once worked in Mumbai. "Second, laughter must be extended. Laughter in real life lasts for a couple of seconds and then is done, but this isn't enough. That's why laughter in laughter yoga is hearty laughter extended for a period of time until our physiology changes. Also, it is unconditional. You're not dependent upon any conditions except the ones that we create."
Kataria told heartwire that resistance to the treatment is strongest in Asian cultures but said many in the US have embraced the practice. He said the process allows people to "act happy" in order for this feigned laughter to become genuine and real, something that is good for the mind and the body.
Dr Kataria is the founder of Laughter Yoga and travels extensively to provide information, training, retreats, and corporate seminars. Laughter clubs are mostly free and public.
Chaya MS, Kataria M, Nagendra R, et al. The effects of hearty extended unconditional (HEU) laughter using laughter yoga techniques on physiological, psychological, and immunological parameters in the workplace: a randomized control trial. American Society of Hypertension 2008 Annual Meeting; May 14, 2008; New Orleans, LA.
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Heartwire from Medscape © 2008 Medscape
Cite this: Michael O'Riordan. Laughing Your Way to Lower Blood Pressure and Less Stress - Medscape - May 15, 2008.