Smoking Cessation and Financial Stress

Mohammad Siahpush, Professor; Matt Spittal, Dr; Gopal K. Singh, Dr


Journal of Public Health. 2007;29(4):338-342. 

In This Article


Of the 1747 smokers in Wave 1, 92.2% remained smokers during all three waves. Table 1 shows sample characteristics along with the percentage that have quit and the percentage in financial stress for each socio-demographic group. P-values for the bivariate association of covariates and the outcome are the same as the p-values associated with crude parameter estimates in Table 3 . Approximately 63% of smokers and 49% of quitters experienced financial problems in Wave 3. Being a male, being married and having a higher level of education, occupation and family income were associated with a lower probability of financial stress. A notably high percent of respondents from high-income households reported financial stress. This is because 36% of them were unable to raise, within a week, AU$2000 for an emergency. The distribution of items used to create the financial stress index is presented in Table 2 .

Table 3 provides crude and adjusted odds ratios for the association of covariates with the probability of experiencing financial stress. After controlling for all covariates, there was evidence that higher age, being a male, being married and higher socio-economic status were associated with financial stress. There was also evidence that smoking cessation was related to a lower probability of financial stress. The odds of experiencing financial stress in Wave 3 were 42% (95% CI: 6-74%; P = 0.028) smaller for quitters than for continued smokers.


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