Pediatric Nurse Practitioner Salary and Practice: Results of a Midwest Metropolitan Survey

Deborah G. Loman, PhD, RN, CPNP; Shu-Ling Hung, MA, RN


J Pediatr Health Care. 2007;21(5):299-306. 

In This Article


This cross-sectional, descriptive study investigated demographic characteristics, salary, benefits, and practice patterns of PNPs in the St. Louis area. Specific research questions of interest for this study included (1) what is the mean salary reported by PNPs; (2) is there a difference in reported salary between PNPs based upon years of experience, specialty care, or type of practice setting; and (3) what are the demographics, practice patterns, employment benefits, and issues of PNPs in the St. Louis area.

The basic survey was originally developed in the mid 1990s by practicing PNPs in the St. Louis chapter. Content validity has been established by input from the board members, who are all in practice. Every 2 years the survey is reviewed and updated as necessary. In 2005, the survey was reviewed by the investigators and the SLA-PNP board members, and a few items were modified for clarity. The survey contained 34 multiple choice questions with write-in options and one open-ended question. This research study was approved by the institutional review board of Saint Louis University and by the board of the SLA-PNP.

In November 2005, the survey was mailed to all PNPs recognized by the State of Missouri who lived within 100 miles of St. Louis. The names and zip codes of the PNPs were obtained October 16, 2005, from a public listing on the Missouri Board of Nursing's website ( The addresses of the PNPs who were members of the St. Louis PNP Association were verified with those in the current membership directory. Other addresses were obtained via the membership directory of the National Association of Pediatric Nurse Practitioners, the local telephone directory, and address files from past surveys.

A cover letter and Saint Louis University recruitment statement described the study and invited participation. There were no names or individual identifiers or code numbers on the surveys, and the PNPs were assured of confidentiality. A stamped, addressed envelope was included, and there was a postcard reminder 10 days after the initial mailing.

The data were entered into an Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL) data file, and frequencies and analyses were performed using SPSS version 12. Descriptive statistics, chi-square, t tests, and analysis of variance were conducted. The midpoints of respondents' salary ranges and age ranges were used in order to calculate an adjusted mean (Leccese, 1998).


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