The Impact of Exercise Rehabilitation and Physical Activity on the Management of Parkinson's Disease

A.M. Johnson, PhD; Q.J. Almeida, PhD


Geriatrics and Aging. 2007;10(5):318-321. 

In This Article


It is unlikely that nonpharmacological treatments will supplant levodopa therapy. In fact, no research has ever investigated the impact of physical rehabilitation in the absence of drug treatment, nor is such research likely to be conducted, given the ethical concerns surrounding standards of care. Taken together, however, the issues discussed above suggest that significant work remains to be done to identify mechanisms for improving symptoms of PD through nonpharmacological means and to identify methods through which individuals with PD might be encouraged to initiate and maintain physical activity.


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