Enhancing COPD Management in Primary Care Settings

Jill A. Foster, MD, MPH; Barbara P. Yawn, MD, MS, MSc, FAAFP; Maziar Abdolrasulnia, PhD; Todd Jenkins, MPH; Stephen I. Rennard, MD, FCCP; Linda Casebeer, PhDs

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Abstract

Context: Primary care physicians provide care for the majority of patients with mild-to-moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Although clinical practice guidelines have been developed for COPD, their influence on primary care practice is unclear.
Objective: To examine primary care decision making, perceptions, and educational needs relating to COPD.
Design: A survey centered on COPD case-vignettes was developed and distributed to a random sample of physicians in adult primary care specialties.
Results: From 943 respondents, 784 practicing primary care physicians were used in analysis. On average, physicians estimated that 12% of their patients had COPD. Although 55% of physicians were aware of major COPD guidelines, only 25% used them to guide decision-making. Self-identified guidelines showed that users were more likely to order spirometry for subtle respiratory symptoms (74% vs 63%, P < .01), to initiate therapy for mild symptoms (86% vs. 77%, P < .01), and to choose long-acting bronchodilators for persistent dyspnea (50% vs 32%, P < .01).
Conclusions: Practice guidelines and CME programs are both valued resources, but have not yet adequately reached many physicians. Because guidelines appear to influence clinical decision-making, efforts to disseminate them more broadly are needed. Future education should present COPD assessment algorithms tailored to primary care settings, assess and strengthen spirometry interpretation skills, and discuss a reasoned approach to medication management. Patient-centered content that accurately reflects the nature of primary care practice may enhance physician's learning experience. Internet-based and distance learning formats may be essential for reaching physicians in many high-need areas.

 

 

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