The Prevalence of Anemia Among Pregnant Women at Booking in Enugu, South Eastern Nigeria

Cyril C. Dim, MBBS (Nig); Hyacinth E. Onah, MBBS (Nig), MPA, FMCOG, FWACS, FICS

Disclosures
In This Article

Introduction

Anemia in pregnancy is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as a hemoglobin concentration below 11 g/dL.[1] It continues to be a major health problem in many developing countries and is associated with increased rates of maternal and perinatal mortality, premature delivery, low birth weight, and other adverse outcomes.[2,3] More than half of the pregnant women in the world have hemoglobin levels indicative of anemia.[1] Although only 15% of pregnant women are anemic in developed countries,[4] the prevalence of anemia in developing countries is relatively high (33% to 75%).[1,3,5,6,7] The most common cause of anemia in pregnancy worldwide is iron deficiency.[3] The predisposing factors include grandmultiparity, low socioeconomic status, malaria infestation, late booking, HIV infection, and inadequate child spacing -- among others.[8,9,10,11]

Because anemia is the most frequent maternal complication of pregnancy, antenatal care should therefore be concerned with its early detection and management.[12] Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of anemia among pregnant women at registration for antenatal care at a major tertiary care hospital in Enugu, southeastern Nigeria.

Comments

3090D553-9492-4563-8681-AD288FA52ACE
Comments on Medscape are moderated and should be professional in tone and on topic. You must declare any conflicts of interest related to your comments and responses. Please see our Commenting Guide for further information. We reserve the right to remove posts at our sole discretion.

processing....