Do Tanning Beds Affect Transdermal Patches?

Darrell T. Hulisz

Disclosures

July 11, 2007

Question

Does the light exposure from tanning beds affect transdermal patches?

Response From the Expert

 

Darrell T. Hulisz 
Associate Professor, Department of Family Medicine, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, University Hospitals, Case Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio

 

 

Approximately 30 million people use tanning beds each year, a figure that includes 2.3 million adolescents.[1] Current tanning beds emit both UVA and UVB radiation to create a substantial tan.[1] Documented side effects include sunburn, photo-induced medication reactions, skin fragility and blistering, ocular disorders, exacerbation of lupus, and skin cancer.[1]

Transdermal preparations are applied topically and must passively diffuse through layers of the skin and into systemic circulation to exert their effect.[2] Certain transdermal preparations have been shown to display variable pharmacokinetic properties when increased heat is present, which would occur via tanning beds.[2] Transdermal adhesiveness may be affected by perspiration, and medications affected by light could potentially be altered by tanning beds.[1] However, no information directly related to tanning beds was found in a comprehensive literature review.

The following is a list of available transdermal preparations, along with Web addresses for package inserts or manufacturer sites. Before making specific recommendations about these products, clinicians should familiarize themselves with this information. Health professionals also may refer questions about specific transdermal products to the respective Medical Affairs or Product Information departments for these products.

Clonidine

Catapres TTS

Estradiol

Alora

Climara

Estraderm

Menostar

Vivelle

Vivelle-Dot

Estradiol and Levonorgestrel

ClimaraPro

Estradiol and Norethindrone

CombiPatch

Ethinyl Estradiol and Norelgestromin

OrthoEvra

Fentanyl

Duragesic

Lidocaine

Lidoderm

Lidocaine and Epinephrine

LidoSite

Lidocaine and Tetracaine

Synera

Methylphenidate

Daytrana

Nicotine

NicoDerm CQ

Nitroglycerin

Minitran

Nitrek

Nitro-Dur

Oxybutynin

Oxytrol

Salicylic Acid

Compound W

Dr. Scholl's

Duofilm

Trans-Ver-Sal

Scopolamine

Transderm Scop

Selegiline

Emsam

Testosterone

Androderm

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