Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome in Children

Lauren J. Stockman, MPH*†; Mehran S. Massoudi, PhD, MPH*; Rita Helfand, MD*; Dean Erdman, DrPH*; Alison M. Siwek, MPH*†; Larry J. Anderson, MD*; Umesh D. Parashar, MD, MPH*

Disclosures

Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2007;26(1):68-74. 

In This Article

Vaccines

Because of the severe consequences of SARS-CoV disease and the potential for SARS outbreaks to cause substantial social disruption and economic impact, vaccines are being developed against SARS-CoV. Vaccines based on whole SARS virus inactivated with formaldehyde, ultraviolet light and β-propiolactone are being evaluated in clinical trials in China, but safety concerns remain about exposure of production workers to live SARS-CoV in the manufacturing process and from the potential for disease from incompletely inactivated virus. The spike (S) protein of SARS-CoV is responsible for the virus binding to the cell, fusion and entry into cells and is a major inducer of neutralizing antibodies. Recombinant vaccines expressing the SARS-CoV S protein or a specific receptor binding domain of the S protein are being evaluated.[44] Other strategies to develop SARS vaccines also are being pursued.

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