High Blood Pressure in School Children: Prevalence and Risk Factors

Ximena Urrutia-Rojas; Christie U. Egbuchunam; Sejong Bae; John Menchaca; Manuel Bayona; Patrick A. Rivers; Karan P. Singh

Disclosures

BMC Pediatr 

In This Article

Conclusion

Twenty one percent of school children had HBP, especially the prevalence was higher among the overweight and Hispanic group. The high prevalence of HBP among minority children, especially Hispanic children, suggests that the next generation of minorities, particularly Hispanic adults, will likely be at a higher risk of developing hypertension and associated chronic diseases. One of the most important concerns is the public health implications for U.S. future generations. These implications are critical for Hispanics since they are the fastest growing sector of the U.S. population.[67] Thus, BP monitoring and early diagnosis of hypertension in children is one of the best strategies for the prevention of chronic diseases in adulthood. The association identified here can be used as independent markers for increased likelihood of HBP in children. Health care providers should be prepared to play a key role in the prevention of obesity and its related risk factors for development of chronic diseases.

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