J. Lawrence Pool, MD: A Pioneer in Vascular Neurosurgery

Brad E. Zacharia, BS; J Mocco, MD; Ricardo J. Komotar, MD; Robert A. Solomon, MD; Donald O. Quest, MD

Disclosures

Neurosurg Focus. 2006;20(6) 

In This Article

Abstract and Introduction

Abstract

The authors detail the life and career of Dr. J. Lawrence Pool, as well as his significant contributions to the field of cerebrovascular neurosurgery. The discipline of cerebrovascular neurosurgery is a young and dynamic field, which underwent rapid and substantial growth during the middle of the twentieth century. As the chairman of the Department of Neurological Surgery at the Neurological Institute of New York, Dr. J. Lawrence Pool was instrumental in the development of new techniques and devices that would ultimately result in decreased mortality rates and improved results from complex cerebrovascular procedures. Passion, ingenuity, and a pioneering spirit fueled Dr. Pool, whose introduction of the operating microscope and use of temporary clip occlusion during aneurysm repair revolutionized the field of cerebrovascular neurosurgery.

Introduction

The discipline of cerebrovascular surgery is a young and dynamic field. In fact, the first successful direct treatment of an intracranial aneurysm, by Norman Dott, did not occur until 1931.[1] During the middle of the twentieth century, cerebrovascular neurosurgery underwent rapid and substantial growth founded on the innovation and ingenuity of a select group of surgeons.[2] The Neurological Institute of New York and its neurosurgical staff played a significant role in the development of the new techniques and devices that would ultimately result in decreased mortality rates and improved results from complex cerebrovascular procedures. At the helm of this department was Dr. J. Lawrence Pool, whose introduction of the operating microscope and use of temporary clip occlusion during aneurysm repair revolutionized the field.

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