Immunological Strategies to Fight Skin Cancer

B. Berman, MD, PhD; O. A. Perez, MD; D. Zell, MD

Disclosures

Skin Therapy Letter. 2006;11(5):1-7. 

In This Article

Interleukin-2

Dose-related serious toxicities have limited IL-2 studies in melanoma patients, and low-dose IL-2 therapy has produced disappointing clinical response rates.[38] When high-dose, 100,000 units/kg, intravenous, recombinant IL-2 was examined in 47 patients with metastatic malignant melanoma, up to 20% achieved objective responses; however, three patients developed myocardial infarction and one patient died during therapy.[39] IL-2-based biochemotherapy (IL-2, IFN-α-2b, cisplatin, dacarbazine, and vinblastine) has shown a response rate of 48%. It appears that this combination is statistically superior to either IL-2 or chemotherapy alone.[40] Results of ongoing trials may clarify the true value of IL-2 in combination chemotherapy. ( Table 3 ).

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