Fire-eater's pneumonia is an acute, intense hydrocarbon pneumonitis resulting from aspiration of volatile hydrocarbons such as kerosene, gasoline, or turpentine. Forty percent to 50% of cases are seen in children younger than 6 years old resulting from unintentional aspiration. The remaining cases are mostly occupational exposures, such as fire-eaters, petrochemical workers, painters, and hazardous waste workers. While the long-term prognosis is uncertain, the vast majority of patients have resolution of their acute lung injury with supportive care only, avoiding the need for surgical lung reduction procedures. We describe a case of severe hydrocarbon pneumonitis as the result of aspiration of JP-8 jet fuel, a kerosene-based compound and the accompanying radiographic changes seen at presentation and following treatment.
© 2006 Medscape
Cite this: A Case of Fire-eater's Pneumonia in an Active-Duty Soldier - Medscape - Jun 06, 2006.