A Case of Fire-eater's Pneumonia in an Active-Duty Soldier

Matthew Aboudara, MD; Joon Yun, MD

In This Article


Fire-eater's pneumonia is an acute, intense hydrocarbon pneumonitis resulting from aspiration of volatile hydrocarbons such as kerosene, gasoline, or turpentine. The vast majority of patients have resolution of their acute lung injury with supportive care only, avoiding the need for surgical lung reduction procedures. We describe a case of severe hydrocarbon pneumonitis secondary to aspiration of JP-8 jet fuel. The presentation, management, and prognosis of fire-eater's pneumonia are reviewed.

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