Nutritional Interventions in Osteoporosis

Susan J. Whiting, PhD; Hassanali Vatanparast, MD


Geriatrics and Aging. 2005;8(9):14-20. 

In This Article

Abstract and Introduction

This review describes the current state of knowledge in nutritional interventions in osteoporosis, using the Osteoporosis Society of Canada's (OSC) 2002 clinical practice guidelines for the diagnosis and management of osteoporosis as a basis. Nutrients important for osteoporosis are calcium, vitamin D, protein, sodium, caffeine, and isoflavones. These recommendations are updated and other nutrients and food components, not covered in the OSC 2002 report, are described. As a single nutrient approach is no longer warranted, we discuss how the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet can be used to provide appropriate intakes of many key nutrients for persons with, or at risk of, osteoporosis.

For the past three decades there has been interest in how nutrition intervention might be used for prevention and treatment of osteoporosis. Now that pharmacological management of osteoporosis has matured,[1] there is concern that lifestyle prevention and treatment strategies might be neglected. The purposes of this article are to describe the current state of knowledge of nutritional interventions in osteoporosis (using the Osteoporosis Society of Canada [OSC] 2002 clinical practice guidelines for the diagnosis and management of osteoporosis[1] as a basis), to provide an update on the OSC Guidelines' nutrition recommendations, and to present some practical advice on improving dietary intakes of those with or at risk of osteoporosis.


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