Mutism in the Older Adult

Nages Nagaratnam, MD, FRCP, FRACP, FRCPA, FACC; Gowrie Pavan, MBBS, FRAGP


Geriatrics and Aging. 2005;8(8):61-68. 

In This Article

Use of Communicator Devices

One major source of disability in chronic neurological disorders in patients with pseudobulbar palsy is impaired communication. For the replacement of the voice in anarthritic and severely dysarthritic patients there are communication devices to augment other forms of communication therapy. The Canon communicator is a like a mini-typewriter with typed messages on strips of paper. Patients unable to use their hands can use an eye communicator.


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