Every 8 seconds, a person dies of a tobacco-related disease, and almost as quickly another victim is recruited. Cigarette smoking is a major preventable cause of morbidity and is expected to cause up to 450 million deaths in the next 50 years. While the association of smoking with cardiovascular diseases, cancer, respiratory diseases, and gastric ulceration has been documented extensively, it may also accelerate early menopause through its antiestrogen effect.
Smoking cessation may be defined as validated sustained abstinence from cigarettes and/or other tobacco products for at least 6 months, but preferably for a year. Regardless of age at the time of quitting, cessation decreases the risk of as well as delays the progression of smoking-related diseases while increasing life expectancy. Another important consideration is the cost-effectiveness of smoking cessation support, which is far superior to that of many other potentially life-saving interventions, and there is a distinct economic advantage in encouraging patients to quit.
© 2005 Medscape
Cite this: A Review of Smoking Cessation Interventions - Medscape - Jun 07, 2005.