Dietary Influences on Blood Pressure: The Effect of the Mediterranean Diet on the Prevalence of Hypertension

Peter Kokkinos, PhD; Demosthenes B. Panagiotakos, MSc, PhD; Evangelos Polychronopoulos, MD, PhD, MPH

In This Article


There is ample evidence that diets low in saturated fats and sodium and rich in fruits, vegetables, and fiber, with adequate amounts of potassium, calcium, and magnesium, are effective in the prevention and treatment of hypertension alone or as an adjunct to pharmacologic therapy. Such dietary combinations are provided by the Mediterranean diet.


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