Substance Abuse: Medical and Slang Terminology

Humera Hamid, BA; Rif S. El-Mallakh, MD; Keith Vandeveir, CADC

Disclosures

South Med J. 2005;98(3):350-362. 

In This Article

Caffeine

Source

Natural

Pharmacological classification

CNS stimulant

Medical use

Mild stimulant

Abuse form

White, crystalline powder solution; seeds of coffea arabica (coffee); leaves of thea sinensis (tea); seeds of theobroma cacao (cocoa, chocolate); leaves of Ilex paraguariensis (yerba mate); kola nuts of cola acuminata (cola drinks)

Usage method

Taken orally

Combinations

With asprin and/or codeine (cold and cough medications); with ergotamine (cafergot); with theophylline or dextrose (stimulants)

Effects sought

Alertness; headache treatment; pain relievers; cold/allergy treatment; muscle relaxant; diuretic

Adverse effects

Irritability, insomnia, tremors, hyperalertness, and may aggravate heart problems

Detectable in urine

Yes

Comments

3090D553-9492-4563-8681-AD288FA52ACE
Comments on Medscape are moderated and should be professional in tone and on topic. You must declare any conflicts of interest related to your comments and responses. Please see our Commenting Guide for further information. We reserve the right to remove posts at our sole discretion.
Post as:

processing....