Substance Abuse: Medical and Slang Terminology

Humera Hamid, BA; Rif S. El-Mallakh, MD; Keith Vandeveir, CADC

Disclosures

South Med J. 2005;98(3):350-362. 

In This Article

Inhalants

Slang terms

Solvents, aerosols, nitrites (poppers), nitrous oxide, glue, transmission fluid, typewriter correction fluid, sniff

Active ingredient

Organic solvents

Source

Synthetic

Pharmacological classification

Sedative/hypnotic, anesthetic

Medical use

Few used for anesthetic purposes

Abuse form

Various (primarily hydrocarbon solvents as liquid or gas)

Usage method

Inhaled as gas or vapor; sniffed; taken po; injected into bloodstream

Combinations

Anti-freeze, gasoline, de-greaser; windshield washers, foam dispensers, acetone; cleaning-fluid, spot remover, nail polish remover, shoe polish; gasoline, household cements, lacquer thinners, lighter fluid, model cements; airplane glue, plastic cements, rubber tire patching cement; paint and varnish removers, paint brush cleaners, household waxes; typewriter correcting fluids and thinners, general household clean-ers; floor wax removers, suede cleaners, liquid incense, room deodorizer

Effects sought

Intoxication

Adverse effects

Impaired perception, coordination, judgment; toxicity from solvent impurities; dementia

Detectable in urine

Specialized testing required

Comments

3090D553-9492-4563-8681-AD288FA52ACE
Comments on Medscape are moderated and should be professional in tone and on topic. You must declare any conflicts of interest related to your comments and responses. Please see our Commenting Guide for further information. We reserve the right to remove posts at our sole discretion.
Post as:

processing....