Periodontitis and CVD: What Is the Link?

W. Steven Pray; Joshua J. Pray


US Pharmacist. 2005;30(2):16-22. 

In This Article


In the late 1980s, the world was introduced to a new concept: Poor oral health might be a predictor for some varieties of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and resultant early death. CVD is a broad term that encompasses heart disease, stroke, atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease, angina, coronary artery disease (CAD), hypertension, and heart failure.[1] Information confirming the oral health/CVD link emerged at an accelerated rate during the 1990s and continues today. Recently, research emphasis has shifted slightly from confirming the link to exploring the mechanisms behind it. Presently, neither caries nor gingivitis appears to be a risk factor for CVD. Rather, patients with periodontitis appear to be at risk for CVD.


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