Preparing Your Patient for Surgery

Linda M. DeLamar, CRNA, MSN, MS


Topics in Advanced Practice Nursing eJournal. 2005;5(1) 

In This Article

Planning, Preparing, and Assessment

Planning, preparation, and preoperative assessment are all very important to ensure the best outcome possible for a patient undergoing a surgical procedure. Preoperative evaluation should include a history, physical examination, appropriate laboratory tests and diagnostic procedures, and an assessment of surgical and anesthetic risks. Consultations may be required, depending upon coexisting conditions and/or diseases.

Without appropriate preoperative planning, patients may arrive on the day of surgery without receiving or understanding preoperative preparation instructions. Appropriate testing may not have been done. Patients may go through the preadmission period without appropriate intervention until they are assessed by an anesthesia provider the day of the procedure, leading to a delay or cancellation of surgery. This can cause undue stress to the patient and their family, as well as increase costs for both the patient and the hospital.