Unemployment and Early Cause-Specific Mortality: A Study Based on the Swedish Twin Registry

Margaretha Voss, PhD, MPH; Lotta Nylén, MPH; Birgitta Floderus, PhD; Finn Diderichsen, MD, PhD; Paul D. Terry, PhD


Am J Public Health. 2004;94(12) 

In This Article


Unemployment is associated with an increased risk of early death, especially from suicide and external undetermined cause. Our results suggest that characteristics of the individual prior to unemployment cannot explain this increased risk. They further indicate that the association between unemployment and mortality may be strengthened by social factors, personality characteristics, and health-related factors. An increased risk of early mortality related to unemployment should be recognized.


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