Unemployment is associated with an increased risk of early death, especially from suicide and external undetermined cause. Our results suggest that characteristics of the individual prior to unemployment cannot explain this increased risk. They further indicate that the association between unemployment and mortality may be strengthened by social factors, personality characteristics, and health-related factors. An increased risk of early mortality related to unemployment should be recognized.
M. Voss and L. Nylén contributed substantially in the conceptualization and design of the study and had main responsibility for the analyses and the reporting. B. Floderus initiated the study and supervised all aspects of its implementation. F. Diderichsen contributed to conceptualization of ideas. P.D. Terry assisted with the analyses. All authors helped to interpret the findings and reviewed drafts of the article.Funding information
Support for this study was provided by the Karolinska Institutet and the National Institute for Working Life, Stockholm, Sweden.
Margaretha Voss, PhD, MPH, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Section of Personal Injury Prevention, Karolinska Institutet, Box 12718, SE-112 94 Stockholm, Sweden. E-mail: email@example.com.
Am J Public Health. 2004;94(12) © 2004 American Public Health Association
Cite this: Unemployment and Early Cause-Specific Mortality: A Study Based on the Swedish Twin Registry - Medscape - Dec 01, 2004.