Endocrine Effects of Tobacco Smoking

Konstantinos Tziomalos; Faidon Charsoulis

Disclosures

Clin Endocrinol. 2004;61(6) 

In This Article

Gastric Emptying

Cigarette smoking slows gastric emptying; it also produces excessive antrofundal redistribution of both solid and liquid gastric contents (Hanson & Lilja, 1987; Nowak et al., 1987; Gritz et al., 1988; Miller et al., 1989; Johnson et al., 1991; Scott et al., 1993).

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