Pain in Children With Cerebral Palsy: A Review

Kimberly A. McKearnan; Gail M. Kieckhefer; Joyce M. Engel; Mark P. Jensen; Susan Labyak


J Neurosci Nurs. 2004;36(5) 

In This Article


There are a number of unanswered questions regarding pain in children with CP despite clinical anecdotes suggesting that pain is a significant problem for these children. Though treatment approaches are beyond the scope of this review paper, many are available, including a multitude of pharmacological interventions specific to each problem or complication as well as nonpharmacological interventions such as distraction, relaxation training, biofeedback, and therapeutic massage (McGrath, 1990). If efforts continue to understand the pain experiences of children with CP and to develop appropriate, effective pain assessment and management strategies for these children, their lives and the lives of those around them will be enhanced immeasurably.

The print version of this article was orginally certified for CE credit. For accreditation details, please contact the publisher, American Association of Neuroscience Nurses (AANN), 4700 W. Lake Avenue, Glenview, IL 60025


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