Effectiveness of Aerobic Exercise in Adults Living with HIV/AIDS: Systematic Review

Kelly O'Brien; Stephanie Nixon; Anne-Marie Tynan; Richard H. Glazier

Disclosures

Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2004;36(10) 

In This Article

Conclusion

Performing constant or interval aerobic exercise or a combination of constant aerobic exercise and progressive resistance exercise for at least 20 min three times per week for at least 4 wk may be beneficial and appears to be safe for adults living with HIV/AIDS. Results from the meta-analyses indicate that immunological and virological measures appear to be unaffected by aerobic exercise, a finding that should reassure those contemplating starting an exercise program. We found strong trends toward improved cardiopulmonary fitness and improved psychological health among those exercising, suggesting that adults living with HIV can expect to experience many of the well-established benefits of aerobic exercise. Given the lack of information on participants who dropped out of exercise, those exercising should be closely followed for changes in clinical status, especially in more advanced stages of immunosuppression. Furthermore, results should be interpreted cautiously due to the small sample sizes and large withdrawal rates within the individual studies.

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