Latex Allergy

Erin M. Warshaw, MD

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In This Article

Cross-Reactions

Approximately 50% of patients who are allergic to latex have evidence of concomitant food allergies.[29] Allergic reactions to foods in individuals who are allergic to latex[30] and allergic reactions to latex in individuals who are allergic to foods[31] have been termed the "latex-food allergy syndrome." The most commonly associated foods include banana, avocado, kiwi fruit, and chestnuts. In addition, clinical or serologic sensitivity has been reported to almond, apple, beet, buckwheat, wheat flour, celery, citrus fruit, fig, grapefruit, hazelnut, lettuce, papaya, peach, peanut, pear, pineapple, spinach, strawberry, sweet pepper, tomato, walnut, watermelon, passion fruit, and a number of spices.[32] It is unclear if latex sensitization predisposes to food allergy or vice versa. Eades et al.[33] studied 11 latex skin prick test-positive individuals and found that food sensitivity appeared concurrently with latex sensitization. It is likely that similarity of epitopes in food and latex allergens is responsible for this syndrome.

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