Drug Therapy for the Management of Atrial Fibrillation: An Update

Andrew RJ Mitchell

Disclosures

Br J Cardiol. 2003;10(5) 

In This Article

Prevention of Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation

The current European guidelines for the prevention of paroxysmal AF suggest that drug therapy should be patient-tailored depending on the underlying aetiology.[4] Anti-arrhythmics of classes 1A, 1C and III are associated with increased sinus rhythm at follow-up in comparison with placebo.[5] In the absence of structural heart disease, class 1C drugs are believed to be the safest. Patients with vagal-mediated AF may respond to flecainide or disopyramide. Beta blockers should be considered in patients with co-existing coronary artery disease, either amiodarone or dofetilide should be used in patients with heart failure and patients with severe left ventricular hypertrophy should be treated with amiodarone.[6]

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