Nancy L. Stitt, RN, BSN


April 03, 2003

Community-acquired Respiratory Viruses

Important community-acquired respiratory virus infections in the immunocompromised host include influenza virus types A and B; respiratory syncytial virus; parainfluenza viruses 1, 2, and 3; adenoviruses; and, possibly, rhinoviruses. Transmission is via contact for all viruses except influenza, which is transmitted by respiratory droplets. Common respiratory virus syndromes include the common cold, upper respiratory tract infection, pharyngitis, laryngitis, tracheobronchitis, influenza-like syndromes, bronchiolitis, and pneumonia. In the immunocompromised host, viral shedding may persist for months vs days in the immunocompetent host. The diagnosis and treatment of community-acquired respiratory viruses have been previously reviewed on Medscape Transplantation.[31,44]


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