Mea A. Weinberg, D.M.D., M.S.D., R.Ph.

US Pharmacist. 2002;27(9) 

In This Article


Throughout the reproductive life cycle of women, fluctuating levels of sex hormones may have direct and indirect effects on oral health, in the form of inflammation, gingivitis, periodontitis, and altered populations of microorganisms. Pregnancy is a particularly vulnerable time, and poor oral health may even be correlated with low-birthweight babies. Since there are many times in which women will visit a pharmacist for dental-related diseases, pharmacists are in a prime position to counsel women on the effects of hormones on oral health, to reassure patients of the often transitory nature of these effects, and to advise patients how to maintain good home oral care.


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