PCOS is much more than just oligomenorrhea, amenorrhea, or infertility. PCOS encompasses many long-term health problems such as the development of cardiovascular disease, type2 diabetes mellitus, and prolonged exposure to unopposed estrogen, which can lead to endometrial hyperplasia and endometrial carcinoma. Clinicians need to be aware of the risk factors for PCOS and intervene with a preventive approach, which may restore normal menstrual function, ovulation, and fertility for those desiring it. We can also prevent or limit the complications from which PCOS patients suffer, such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, and increased risk for unopposed estrogen.
Mac Pannill, MPAS, PA-C, has no significant financial interests to disclose.
Topics in Advanced Practice Nursing eJournal. 2002;2(3) © 2002 Medscape
Cite this: Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: An Overview - Medscape - Jul 31, 2002.