Susan L. Smith, MN, PhD


June 17, 2002


Over the last decade, considerable attention has been focused on lifesaving and life-extending organ transplant procedures. However, records of humanity's longing for longevity and yearning for rejuvenation date back to over 2000 years ago. The objectives of this chapter are to:

  • Examine the historical context of the recent advances in transplantation

  • Summarize formative contributions to the field of transplantation

  • Compare past and current barriers to transplantation

  • Describe seminal events in kidney, pancreas, liver, intestine, heart, and lung transplantation.


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